In today’s electronic society, batteries are used almost everywhere. The lithium-ion battery has been the dominant force since its introduction in 1991, powering the smartphone in your pocket and the laptop at home. But these kinds of batteries lose power while being charged. Besides, they cause more and more irreparable environmental damage to South America’s lithium triangle.
Battery life has also become one of the biggest barriers to technology advancement as the proliferation of smartphones and devices continues to skyrocket around the world, prompting researchers to develop and test new types of batteries. Dozens of companies are striving to create a new type of battery by increasing its energy capacity, service life, charging speed, and making the battery drain as slowly as possible. Today huge amounts of money are being invested in new energy storage technologies. So far some promising types of batteries have been developed, and as reported by news battery technology will reverse the current life.
New battery technologies are constantly being developed, and there are currently five innovative batteries that have potential success:
1. NanoBolt Lithium Tungsten Batteries
While dealing with battery anode materials, researchers at N1 Technologies, Inc. included tungsten and carbon multilayer nanotubes, which bind to the copper anode substrate and create a networked nanostructure. This creates a huge surface to which more ions can attach during cycles of charging and discharging, greatly speeding up the recharge of the NanoBolt lithium tungsten battery and also saving more energy.
2. Zinc-manganese oxide batteries
If the chemical conversion reaction in the zinc-manganese battery can be run, it allows raising the energy compaction in conventional batteries with no rising cost. This makes zinc-manganese oxide batteries a possible alternative option, especially for large-scale energy conservation to support the national grid.
3. Organosilicon electrolyte batteries
The problem with lithium batteries is the risk of electrolyte fire or explosion. In search of something safer, silicone-based (OC) -based liquid solvents have been developed. The resulting electrolytes can be developed at the molecular level for industrial, military, and consumer lithium batteries.
4. Gel electrolyte batteries with gold nanowires
In search of the best electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries, researchers at the University of California, Irvine experimented with flammable gels. They tried to coat gold nanowires with manganese dioxide and then coat them with an electrolyte gel. Although nanowires are traditionally very fragile for use in batteries, they have become elastic. When the researchers charged the working electrode, they found that it went through more than 30 times more cycles than a conventional battery without losing its ability to hold a charge.
5. Batteries TankTwo String Cell
Almost every electric vehicle today uses lithium-ion batteries. They’re pretty good, but end up heavy and take a long time to recharge due to the energy quantity they can store. Looking for a way to turn hours into minutes, TankTwo considered a modular battery design. The battery they developed contains a set of small, free, self-reliant cells. Each string cell includes a plastic housing with a conductive material, allowing it to quickly and easily make contact with others. An inner processing unit monitors the compounds in the electrochemical cell. To promote high-speed charging of the electric vehicle, the small balls that are in the battery are sucked off and replaced with rechargeable cells at a service station. One can recharge these batteries at the station during off-peak hours.
Thanks to the features of lithium-ion batteries, the possibilities for the use of portable technology as well as electric cars have significantly expanded. However, more and more demands are made on energy storage devices, and this prompts the search for new technologies. The balance between size, energy performance, and price is important. The first two parameters can be tuned in a wide range, but the price remains a serious obstacle. And technologies that use lithium run up against a limitation: there is not so much lithium in nature, and its extraction is quite expensive. Progress in recent years is more about energy efficiency than quality. Although there are many developments, innovations do not reach the mass market as quickly and it is hard to estimate when new technology-based batteries will be accessible and replace familiar ones.
For now, we may have to put up with phones getting cold, laptops warming up, and electric cars close to home. However, solutions seem to be around the corner, so a better battery-powered future is just around the corner. Maybe, soon we will face positive news, battery technology will develop and completely change our future.